The organized Trade
Union Movement in Nigeria
dates back to 1912 when the workers in the Civil Service under the then Colonial administration organized themselves into
workers representatives. This then became known as the Nigeria Civil Service Union.
This became a pivot with which workers in other sectors began the agitation for the formation of Trade Unions before
and after independence in 1960.
during the Military regime of General Murtala Mohammed, Trade Unions in the country have risen to over 1000 which include
In 1976, the Government
established a Commission of inquiry into the activities of the various Unions and appointed an administrator to administer
the unions and come up with a structure for the proper administration of the Unions. This
became necessary as the Unions were polarized into ideological divide which was creating problems in the country.
Towards the end of 1977,
these Unions were restructured into 42 along industrial line. The government
also insisted on the formation of a Labour Centre as there were various multiple centers.
In February 1978, the
Nigeria Labour Congress was formed and inaugurated. The then 42 Industrial Unions
became affiliates of the Nigeria Labour Congress with a legal backing of Trade Union (Amendment) Decree 22 of 1978.
1989, the Trade Unions were again restructured to become 29 affiliate unions to the Nigeria Labour Congress. However, the Obasanjo administration in 2004 is working on a Labour Act to again pave way for multiple